Prat

The Heyer organ of the St-Peter church

The church

aapo_Prat _église_neige_28 XI 10 _smlThe St Pierre parish church was completely rebuilt between 1718 and 1731, except the church tower which dates back, for the most ancient parts, to 1620-1622. Only the church tower is registerd on the supplementary inventory of the MONUMENTS HISTORIQUES on December 17th 1926.

 

The instrument

 

History

Built by the organ-builder Karl HEYER in 1866.

Checked by the organ-builders Claude Madigout and Jean-Pascal Villard.

(As the organ has never been modified, it was only cleaning and restarting it, allowing the original harmony of the instrument to flourish again.)

Inauguration by the late Jean BOYER.

The Case

prat-cordé_nef chaire_2814

The front, sheltering the gravest pipes of the Open Diapason is made of two plate-faces of twelve pipes between three towers of 5 pipes each. The highest being in the centre. Each tower has a finely sculpted base. The sky-blue vault offers a beautiful setting to this classical case that was often made in France during the second part of the XVIII century.

The front of the case is made of oakwood ; the back,the sides and the ceiling are made of pinewood.

To be compared with the front of the  the Heyer organ of Plouzévédé  (29), a flat version of the one in PRAT.

The console

prat-cordé_console_2911

The console is in a window on the left-hand side of the instrument (in the dutch style) : only one keyboard, ten stops, a pedalboard in pull-downs (tirasse ?) without its own stops.

Also see the console of the Heyer organ of Plougasnou, of the same model, on the site of the organ-builder Toussaint.

 

 

prat-cordé_porcln_2912prat-cordé_dét clavier _2920

 

(photos : E.Cordé & L.Le Bot )

The owner

The town of PRAT

 

Protection of the instrument

The instrumental part is registered : M.H. 22.02.1984.

Base Palissy classification.

Situation inside the church

On the gallery down the nave.

Description

It is a noble little liturgical instrument, slighly rustic in its ergonomics but magnificent for its sounds, both refined when heard separately and making a generous plenum, not exempt from some “Gravität” as they say beyond the Rhine : only one keyboard, ten stops, a pedalboard in pull-downs without its own stops and a side-console. All the pipes are cut to the sound (classical heritage whereas at the same period and for several years, Cavaillé-Coll or Merklin for example had been harmonizing their pipes with notches of chords in order to find « new » sounds.

 

State of the instrument

Excellent.

 

Maintenance

Maintained by Bernard HURVY-7, avenue Telstar. 44300 NANTES.

 

Acoustics

Very good, with little reverberation.

 

Composition

A manual keyboard with 54 notes.

Bourdon 16,

Open Diapason,  8,

Stopped Diapason, 8,

Harmonic flute, 8,

Principal, 4,

Flute, 4,

Fiftheenth, 2,

Fourniture IV,

Trompette 8,

Clairon 4.

A pedalboard in pull-downs with 25 notes (the spacing between the keys is slighly wider than usual, designed in duckbills ( ?) in the German way.

 

Console in a window on the left-hand side (In the Dutch style).

Mechanical transmission of the notes and stops.

Alloy : 80% to 85% tin (from Cornouailles)

Wind pressure : 70mm

 

Observation

The HEYER organ of Rumengol (29) in its case by Thomas Dallam is pretty much the same in its conception and its composition -16’bourdon and tremolo apart. (model with one keyboard, pedalboard with pull-downs, 9/10 stops).

 

References

Census of the Breton organs – Ministry of Culture- Conseil Régional- ARCODAM –December 1987-

Expert report by Jean-Pierre DECAVELLE , technical advisor.

Report by Claude MADIGOUT, organ builder who made the renovation and by Jean-Pascal VILLARD, builder and harmonist (1992)

 

Enhancement

Regular concerts during about ten years, rare these days.

School visits- Public presentations for the Journées du Patrimoine … or on request. (ask the organist)

Regular use during Sunday mass (one Sunday per month)

 

Watch/listen :

Organists (today and before)

 

Yves FECHANT, the son (YVON) until 2012.

YVES FECHANT, the father until 1966. No reference before.

 

Today : Laurent LE BOT.